Oral surgery: the most common oral surgical procedures are the common and complicated extraction of teeth, undeveloped and impacted wisdom teeth, root resection and extraction of roots, and broken teeth. Oral surgery encompasses the surgery, reconstruction of aesthetics, and correcting the functional disorders of the oral cavity.
Apicoectomy or root resection
If endodontic treatment cannot be successfully carried out over the length of the channel approach, surgery is used to remove cysts, granuloma of bone in the tip of the teeth; along with part of the top portion of the root.
It is used when tooth extraction or residual tooth roots cannot be removed using the classic methods. The procedure involves stronger anesthesia of the affected areas and opening the way to the bones of the residual tooth root or impacted teeth in the jaw. The gums heal within a week, after which the stitches are removed.
Surgery that is performed on teeth that are somewhere in the bone of the upper or lower jaw, but did not spring up and are not visible in the dental arch. Depending on the position of the tooth to the bone, an orthodontist can decide on orthodontic extraction or removal of such teeth. The surgical procedure involves the complete removal of the bone covering the tooth in order to further facilitate and speed up the sprouting of the tooth or to allow for orthodontic tooth extraction.
Orthodontic extraction of canines
Canines can remain impacted if they miss their normal way during development. The reason for this is insufficient space in the jaw in which they should spring out. This occurs becauseof two reasons. The first is that the jaw simply is too small to accommodate all of the teeth. The other reason is the premature loss of deciduous teeth. In this case, the permanent teeth that sprout as canines before are moving forward, which closes the space required for sprouting canines.